Es Posts

Conditions on May

I travelled for a week in Sardinia and as usual – there was practically no conditions in Central Finland during that time! Weird “luck”. There was also time for a very quick visit in Berlin, where I met ex freelance producer of Multicult FM (88.4 in Berlin).  Tired of walking in the heat we decided to lunch in the very next restaurant which was  – of course – Italian, so I survived by speaking Italian also in Berlin!

May 13 Season opening RUS 108. For more please check previous blogging.
May 15 Greece in South Western Finland (Mynämäki) for 20 minutes
May 17 Radio Burgas noted in Mynämäki by JJJ
May 18 LTU and POL in Oulu by JVA – DNK & S in Northern Carelia – both skipped over Central Finland!
May 21 New Finnish record of Meteor Scatter: JJH heard Chérie FM on 100.1 – tx in Marseille! 2474 km! Congrats!
May 22 Vesti FM 100.6 and Narodnoe Radio 73.25 both from Krasnodar logged in Jyväskylä
May 23 Strong opening mostly to Greece and Turkey in Southern Finland. Definitely too far – nothing heard in Uurainen.
May 25 Another opening only for Southern Finland – stations from Southern Italy were heard – Napoli especially
May 26 Weak opening for Balkan – this time also something heard in Central Finland. Waiting for more in next days!!
May 27 ~6 UTC weak Balkan, 07-0730 SVN & ITA, 0852-0923 POL & SVK in Tornio, some CZE/SVK in Uurainen for 8 min.
May 28 Ten minutes opening to Spain and France reported by remote receiver in Utö by KIV.

my fm logbook

Promoting DX hobby in Petäjävesi May 24. Photo: HPE

Promoting DX hobby in Petäjävesi May 24. Photo: HPE

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Kauden avauskeli 13.5.

Monilla kausi aukesi kertaheitolla kunnolla, kun ES löi tänään pohjiksi kunnon kelit, joilla MUF oli ajoittain jopa 108! Toki ES-havaintoja oli tänä keväänä jo tätä aiemminkin tehty, mutta varsinaisista keleistä ei vielä ole voitu puhua. Koko aamupäivän kartta näytti lupaavalta, mutta päätin kuitenkin liikelounaan päälle lähteä vielä käymään nopeasti Petäjävedellä. Sen verran riskaabeli tilanne kuitenkin oli, että jätin tallentumaan kovalevylle taajuuden 88.4, joka menee pian Noropohjaan Radio Kompassille. Sokkotallenteesta saikin jonkunmoisen käsityksen siitä, miten tilanne kehittyi ja miten vähän todellisuudessa missasin ollessani tien päällä. Kunnollisen login korvaan kalenterimaisilla merkinnöillä, sillä varsinaisia kelitallenteita en ole vielä edes ehtinyt tutkimaan.

1040 UTC Lounaalle lähtö
1114 UTC Lalegül FM 88.4 Istanbulista nousi kohinan rajapintaan muutamaksi minuutiksi samaan aikaan, kun kuuntelija istui enteellisesti Istanbul-taulun alla paikallisessa kebab-pizzeriassa. Etelä-Suomessa kuultiin näihin aikoihin Turkin lisäksi Kreikkaa, Bulgariaa ja Italiaakin.
1238 UTC Ilmeisesti Bulgaria On Air 88.4 kuului kahden kappaleen ajan, mutta mahdollinen ID jäi kohinaan. Asema logattu tällä kellonlyömällä myös Maakeskessä (JLN)  ja samoihin aikoihin Jyväskylässä kuului harvakseltaan muuta Bulgariaa (JY). Etelä-Suomessa taas kuultiin Balkania, mm. Albaniaa!
1326 UTC Taajuudelle nousi kahden venäläisaseman feidaileva sekametelisoppa. Huoltoasemilta ei tunnetusti saa enää huoltoa ja nyt tuli todettua, ettei näköjään aina polttoainettakaan. St 1:n automaatti ei huolinut italialaista luottokorttia, eikä kassallekaan voi enää nykyään maksaa. Asemapiste jäi Petäjävedeltä saamatta.
1357 UTC DFM 88.4 antoi mainosblokin päälle jonkin puhelinnumeron, kun kuuntelija on matkalla Petäjävedeltä Uuraisille.
1411 UTC Russkoe Radio Millerovosta (RO) nousee 88.4:llä pakan päällimmäiseksi ketjuideillä ja tymäkällä kuuluvuudella sillä välin kun kuuntelijalle selviää, että vielä ennen kotiin menoa on vierailu alpakkatilalla… Vaikka asemaa on tallessa lähes tunti, paikallista ei vain tunnu löytyvän.
1508 UTC
 Kuuntelija saapuu QTH:hon ja toteaa MUF:fin olevan vähintään 108 MHz ja kelin olevan voimakasta. Venäjää ja Ukrainaa oli kuultu OLL:n mukaan aina Pohjois-Karjalasta Pohjanmaalle.
1537 UTC MUF putoaa alle 100 MHz ja keli heikkenee. Ensimmäinen Nastro Azzurro avautuu.
1603 UTC Alabandilla tökkii edelleen venäjää. Toinen Nastro Azzurro avautuu.
1639 UTC MUF nousee uudelleen 108 asti. Komea paikallis-ID “Radiokanal Retro FM Armavir” napsahtaa lennossa 107.7:lta.
n. 1700 UTC Keli heikkenee taas. Asemat kuuluvat hädin tuskin kohinatason yläpuolella, mutta MUF on edelleen yli 100 MHz.
n. 1800 UTC. Viimeiseksi kuuluneeksi jäänyt 90.6 lienee NRJ Krasnodar. WhatsAppikin lakkaa vinkumasta, joten muuallakaan ei enää kuulu mitään.

IMG-20140514-WA0000

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Wintertime ES

Jokseenkin harvinaista talviessiä on ollut ilmassa jouluviikolla ja joulujen välissä, varmasti myös meteoreilla ovat monet tehneet tänä aikana mukavia nappauksia. Lahden Lars Pohjois-Ruotsista on useana iltana logannut Sherlockin DX-mapsiin venäläisiä ja ukrainalaisia OIRT:lla ja länsibandilla Romaniankin. Myös Suomessa on kuultu asemaa. Koska FM-kelien esiintyminen talvella useampana päivänä peräkkäin on varsin poikkeuksellista, FMDX.tk julkaisee nämä OLL:sta poimitut logaukset, vaikka bloggarit itse eivät ole (tietenkään) mitään kuulleetkaan!

68.510 22.12.2013 1036- UKR: UR 1. Kyiv, (KY). Hetken Es -pläjäys, Pohjois-Ruotsista DX/amatööri ehti poimia useamman aseman. JJJ
87.600 28.12.2013 1001- I: RAI1. Rocca di Papa (RM) vahva ehdokas lähettimeksi. Hätäinen Es-nosto. Jo monena päivänä peräkkäin on Lars SM2GHI lokaillut OIRT-asemia. Kunnollista talviessiä oli viimeksi tammikuussa 2010, olisikohan nyt jo aika? JTK
89.500 31.12.2013 0944- MDA: Muz FM, Chisinau. Kuului pari minuuttia ja ehti myös idata. PEH
92.300 31.12.2013 0943- BUL: Alpha Radio, Silistra. Meteoreja oli tarkoitus, mutta viereisellä 92,2 tuli romaniaa radion avatessani täysin puhtaasti ja pitkään, joten tsekkasin äkkiä muita taajuuksia ja tämä tuli RDS:llä, jossa lähetyspaikka, lisäksi musiikin päälle “Alpha Radio” jinglejä. Muita ES-asemia havaitsin 89,5 ja 91,3. PEH

Koska ESsin syntyilmiö ja syyt sen takana ovat kaiken kaikkiaan hieman hämärän peitossa, aloin miettiä, onko talvi- ja kesäpäivänseisauksilla mahdollisesti jotain tekemistä asian kanssa. Kesällähän, kuten tiedetään hyvin, ES esiintyy varmimmin noin 5 viikkoa kesäpäivänseisauksen molemmin puolin, karkeasti toukokuun puolesta välistä heinäkuun loppuun. Toukokuun alku ja elokuu on vähän epävarmempaa aikaa ja hyviä kelipäiviä tuntuu osuvan niille keskikesää vähemmän. Periaatteessa myös talviESsillä voisi olla tämänkaltainen huippu tässä talvipäivänseisauksen ympärillä. Ilmiönä talviES on vain niin paljon heikompi, että sitä on vaikeampi hahmottaa. Kelejä on kuitenkin koettu samaan tapaan marras-, joulu- ja tammikuussa. Käsittääkseni, vaikka humanistina tietämykseni luonnontieteistä onkin äärimmäisen heikko, olen ymmärtänyt, että jonkinlaisia luonnontieteellisiä vastailmiöitä on kuitenkin olemassa. Faktana voidaan pitää, että pohjoisella pallonpuoliskolla ES esiintyy kuitenkin kesäisin. Miten sitten eteläisellä pallonpuoliskolla on asian laita? Onko kelikausi sielläkin paikallinen kesä, eli meikäläisten talvi. Ja onko tämä talvi-ES ns. vastailmiö eteläisen pallonpuoliskon keleille?

Tätä teoriaa vesittää aika pahoin jo se, että esimerkiksi viime syksynä kelejä oli vielä syyskuussakin ja lokakuun 20. päivä 2012 oli melko hyvä Perm-keli. Ehkä varsinaisen kauden ulkopuolella olevilla avauksilla ei välttämättä olekaan mitään yhtä yksittäistä “huippua”. Kommentteja?

English summary:

During last two weeks we have had extraordinary wintertime ES conditions in Northern Europe. Finnish loggings are above, in Sweden Lars Lahti has heard Russia, Ukraine and Romania too, based on loggings in Sherlock DX map. I have been creating a hypothese if there could be two ES seasons in one year. Stronger one from May 15 till the end of July and other, weaker from November 15 till end of January. What about in other side of the Earth? There is summer now, but what about the ES season over there? If it is going on now, could this wintertime ES be some kind of reaction to these stronger conditions? Any comments are very welcome!

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July 25, AUT, I, SRB, BIH, HRV, SVK

A serie of one hour conditions continued yesterday, today DX map is totally empty. I got several messages that there is something weak on lower band, but surprisingly when I arrived home, the band was soon full of fading signals till 99 MHz, while in the Southern Finland (and even in Jyväskylä that is 30 kilometres south from me) the stations were hardly audible over 90 MHz.

I suppose that the conditions started just at the moment than I arrived, but can’t be sure if there was something going on even longer time. First there was Tirol and Northern Italy from one cloud. At 13 UTC many signals from Balkan faded in, among them also shorter skip from Slovakia (Radio Expres IDed twice).

logi 25072013

As an update to the previous post, Radio C1 replied to the tentative report that it was not their programme. They have a tx on 90.6 in Macerata and the programme what I heard was a detailed explanation of three movies showed in the market place of  Macerata. Maybe there is another station which uses 90.6 further from Macerata, and is audible in Macerata on another FQ, but this guess went however totally wrong.

Here are last three days visually:

23-25072013

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July 23 Slovenia and Italy, July 24 British Isles

Finally something on the band. Both days MUF was not much more than 96. The first station on 87.8 sounded like greek, announcing “Athina, eksi ritem mladosti, Athina, Athina”. (Eksi means “six” in greek). Finally I found a “n” letter pronounced weakly and then it sounded Antina. Slogan “Ritem mladosti” belongs to Radio Antena from Slovenia, so mystery solved. Double skip to Greece dropped down already in Ljubljana!

After that some Italians especially from Ancona on the lower band. Also some Croats, but no ID’s. Slovenian Radio Ena came strong on 90.3 – they already verified and would like to do a phone interview. Today, 24 July, DX map looks very good. Unfortunately the clouds are a bit too far from me, and the QSO’s seems to be west-east. Not north-south. However there was fading signals from Wales for more than a hour. Recordings are still under control, but sitting in the front of radio I got ID from 96.3 Radio Aire from Leeds and Heart network, 95.2 BBC Radio Cornwall, 95.9 BBC Radio Wales and 88.0 Real Radio, could be regional programme for Wales. Also many BBC 2, 3 and 4 stations with RDS’s on lower band. Enclosed please find my log of 23 July.

logi 23072013

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July 11 – Southern Italy and Balkan

This morning we got an opening to Southern Italy (Puglia & Abruzzo) and Balkan (Croatia). First alarm SMS arrived around 0550 UTC (TNX IKA!), so I moved laptop and XDR to the balcony as the first thing in the morning. While having coffee I beamed all my 4 elements towards Italy. At 0607 UTC on 95.9 MHz  I saw a strange RDS RADIO_TG. There is a BIH station using this code, but not on this FQ. Anyone knows? The station could be from everywhere, it was playing at least 4 English pop songs in a row. No audio ID heard.

 

After that I realized the name of the game. Radio Italia Anni 60 gave local ad for Puglia/Basilicata, on 95.7 and soon after that 96.1 was talking about the first wedding ceremony in the prison of Bari. Stations were heard up to 108 (JJH got Radio Norba Bari local on 105.5!) but the signals were only few – the most of the skip went obviously to the Adriatic Sea.

 

Later some croatians from Labinstica transmitter in the same time with Foggia on the middle band – these are linear from this point of view. Also one mystery: On 93.6 a reporter said “Radio Vaticana” in the end of his report – no CVA listed on this FQ. However, during this summer I have noticed more skips over 2000km than ever. I don’t know if it was a special character of this season – or did the huge forest block all the long skips which have to arrive very horizontally. However Istanbul, Bari, and Brest,all heard properly for the first time this year, are around 2400km from here.

Enclosed a screenshot from Visual Log Book

south italy 11072013

And all the stations heard this morning by same DXers:

kaikki aamu 11072013

 

Here’s my personal log of identified stations. Please note, in some cases TX site is a guess if there are more than one tx operating on a certain FQ.

log 11072013

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July 6 – Iceland!

After a silent week, finally something heard on Saturday night. Forecasts said there have been Aurora Borealis (northern lights), which can reflect signals too. Unfortunately the audio shouldn’t be clear. I have never heard any station during these so-called Aurora conditions, so I don’t know exactly what it should be. On 93.8 I noticed a Swedish speaking station, but it was only a tropo scatter reception from Skellefteå (P1 337 km). DX maps showed skip from FIN to Northern pari of Russia, but what I get was weird Nordic language on 87.7. That´s Iceland with a back lope (RUV Rás 2 identified with it´s news tune)! After turning antenna 180 degrees opposite I checked memories of XDR. Luckily 93.8 was saved (because of P1!). It gave strong sea weather report in Icelandic and have to be RUV Rás 1 Háfell (14 kW), which I received last summer too. Quick check to the FM list – there should be Bylgjan from the same tower on 94.5, but only 2 kW. Surprisingly I heard weak English pop music and the reception got even better during the jingle: “bylgjan.is“! I don´t know whether this was Aurora-Es or normal Es, but I’m very happy of catching for the first time a commercial station from Iceland, because it is pretty difficult direction for me. Till the last summer I thought it would be impossible because of high pine trees on that direction (if they would be my propriety, they would be already cutted!). For your curiosity, by clicking the station name you can open mp3 link. That´s all of the 20 minute conditions!

ISL 06072013

 

 

JJH – Jyväskylä, Finland

As fellow blogger JMN wrote there was quite interesting propagation on Saturday night. Aurora signals are characterized severe distortion which was noticeable in FM band on this night. Geomagnetic activity in Hankasalmi magnetometer measuring station (HAN) was: High, so conditions for Aurora was quite good. I registered some weak signals especially in 94.3 MHz but couldn’t identify station but strongly guess based on language I heard is Iceland. Anyway this is only lucky guess cause signal was very weak and flawed.
 

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July 1st

July begins with little opening to Ukrainian and Russian border. Not long lasting or strong signals for 30 minutes. Surprisingly weak signals were coming over 100 MHz, even there was nothing much on lower frequencies. Italic stations are only guessed.

1740 100.10 RUS Hit FM, Rostov-na-Donu (ROS) Only hit music, JY got RDS of this. 1917 6.3 v

1748 89.00 RUS Radio 7, Shebekino (or Livny?) 1516 0.2 v

1751 90.40 UKR Retro FM, Kharkiv. No ID, but played Elton John. Fade out with “reclama”.

1804 103.90 UKR Russkoye radio, Kremenchuk/PP Vizyt, vul. Kerchenska, 7a (PO) 1565 2 v

1808 103.00 UKR Super Radio, Kharkiv/RPTS Proton, Maydan Povstannya, 7/8 (KA) 1538 3 h

Waiting for more to come tomorrow.01072013

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29/6 & 30/6 – completing June

Within one week there was no sign of Sporadic E in Central Finland, but still in the end of second “summer” month we got two nice openings. First one to Balkan and Italy (Foggia for the first time in my earphones). Later very common direction: Bavaria/Bohemia/Austria. Another night offered a nice surprise: short skip to Northern Germany and the Netherlands – and very short to Denmark! In the very beginning I heard Danish too, while my colleagues JJH and JSU were receiving Sveriges Radio from Malmö and Hörby! However I identified the first two Danish stations just in the end of conditions. Now, thinking about it later, it is obvious that several musical stations on lower band must have been Danish aswell, because the German stations on the lower band are mostly “talk radios”, as we know. Radio ABC from Randers – already QSLed – is my new unrecord – shortest ES skip 1084 km! Visually it looked like this (followed by the written log):

25-30062013

2013-06-25 MS 1607 87.80 POL PR 3, Żagań/Wichów (LU) 1335 30 h
2013-06-29 Es 1624 88.90 SRB Radio Index, Beograd/Torlak (Srb) PS:_INDEX__ 2001 3 v
2013-06-29 Es 1632 89.60 BUL BNR Horizont, Koriten (dob) No ID, PX Вива ла музика 2071 1.5
2013-06-29 Es 1640 92.20 BUL BNR Hristo Botev, RRTS Botev vrah (pld) HR.BOTEV 2200 117.5 v
2013-06-29 Es 1644 90.40 ROU Realitatea FM, Sibiu/Păltiniş (SB) PS:_RLT_FM_ 1877 0.1 v
2013-06-29 Es 1657 92.70 HRV HRT-HR 1, Murter/Raduč (si) 2174 1 v
2013-06-29 Es 1658 93.10 BIH BN Radio, Majevica/Busija (brc) 2039
2013-06-29 Es 1700 93.60 BIH Radio OSM, Sarajevo/Trebević (sar) No ID, spot for Pale 2126
2013-06-29 Es 1703 96.00 I Radio Mater, Castelnuovo della Daunia (fg) PS:R._MATER 2424 v
2013-06-29 Es 1704 98.40 I Radio Budrio, Brisighella/Via Rontana (ra) PS:BUDRIO 2216 2.5 v
2013-06-29 Es 1713 96.40 I RMC – Radio Monte Carlo, Montescudo/Monte Godio (rn) 2228 1.5 v
2013-06-29 Es 1715 95.80 I Virgin Radio, Segusino/Monte Pianar (tv) Or other tx. 2034 v
2013-06-29 Es 1716 98.00 I Radio Subasio Marche, Fabriano/Poggio San Romualdo (an) 2276 2 v
2013-06-29 Es 1725 98.60 I Radio Deejay, Avio/Malga Riondera (tn) 2079 v
2013-06-29 Es 1726 96.00 I R101, Chianciano Terme/Monte Pereta (si) 101 mentioned x2 2338 v
2013-06-29 Es 1732 87.50 I Radio Subasio, Fermo/Capodarco (fm) 2279 1 v
2013-06-29 Es 1734 89.00 I Radio Kiss Kiss, Sulzano (bs) 2109 v
2013-06-29 Es 1736 89.60 HRV Radio Centar Studio Poreč. No ID, IT & HRV songs 2068 7 h
2013-06-29 Es 1741 88.50 HRV Gradski Radio, Golaš (pa) Should be Soundset Istra? 2076 v
2013-06-29 Es 1747 98.30 I PaneBurroMarmellata, Serramazzoni (mo) PS:PANEBURR 2213 v
2013-06-29 Es 1748 99.60 I Radio 105 Network, Borgo Val di Taro (pr) Or other tx. 2243 v
2013-06-29 Es 1756 88.80 I Radio Deejay, Cesena/Monte Cavallo (fc) 2222 v
2013-06-29 Es 1802 90.10 I Radio 105 Network, Modigliana (fc) Qst è il px che non piace 2223 v
2013-06-29 Es 1803 91.50 HNG Kék Duna Rádió, Győr – Szabad hegy (Gyo) 1720 1 v
2013-06-29 Es 1804 93.00 I Radio Gamma, Castel San Pietro Terme (bo) NoID, local spots 2209 v
2013-06-29 Es 1813 92.20 D MDR 1 Radio Sachsen, Dresden-Wachwitz (sac) 1453 100 h
2013-06-29 Es 1815 92.10 D Bayern 1, Brotjacklriegel (bay) PS:Bayern_1 1698 100 h
2013-06-29 Es 1815 89.50 D Bayern 2, Wendelstein (bay) PS:Bayern_2 1846 100 h
2013-06-29 Es 1819 92.20 CZE Country Radio, Příbram/ul. Drkolnovská 286 (ST) 1588 0.2 v
2013-06-29 Es 1823 99.00 AUT Hitradio Ö3, Salzburg 1/Gaisberg (ORS) (sal) 1805 100 h
2013-06-29 Es 1828 96.50 D Bayern 2, Brotjacklriegel (bay) PS:Bayern_2 1698 100 h
2013-06-29 Es 1947 89.50 ROU Itsy Bitsy, Tulcea (TL) 1939 5 h
2013-06-30 Es 1552 89.30 D hr3, Großer Feldberg (Taunus)/hr (hes) PS:__hr3___ 1708 100 h
2013-06-30 Es 1558 93.00 D BFBS Radio 1, Braunschweig/Drachenberg (nds) 1436 80 h
2013-06-30 Es 1603 95.80 D WDR 5, Ederkopf (nrw) PI:D395 PS:WDR_5___ 1650 20 h
2013-06-30 Es 1612 88.40 D Radio WMW, Bocholt/Hohenstaufenstr. (nrw) 1630 1 h
2013-06-30 Es 1613 88.80 D WDR 5, Langenberg/Hordtberg (nrw) PS:WDR_5___ 1653 100 h
2013-06-30 Es 1623 88.20 HOL Radio 2, Roermond/Alticom Toren (lim) PS:RADIO_2_ 1715 100 v
2013-06-30 Es 1652 89.70 G BBC Radio 2, Tacolneston (EN-NFK) PS:BBC_R2__ 1810 250 m
2013-06-30 Es 1652 89.10 G BBC Radio 2, Wrotham (EN-KNT) PS:BBC_R2__ 1948 250 m
2013-06-30 Es 1653 91.30 G BBC Radio 3, Wrotham (EN-KNT) PS:BBC_R3_ Over local! 1948 250 m
2013-06-30 Es 1701 90.30 HOL Radio Lelystad, Lelystad (fle) PS:ADVER- 1617 0.398 v
2013-06-30 Es 1703 90.20 D MDR JUMP, Inselsberg (thü) PS:MDR_JUMP 1578 100 h
2013-06-30 Es 1717 88.00 HOL Radio 2, Smilde/Alticom Toren (dre) PS:RADIO_2_ 1545 93.3 v
2013-06-30 Es 1719 89.50 DNK R.ABC, Gjerlev J – Hald/kærbyvej 1 (mjy) 1084 3 c
2013-06-30 Es 1722 87.80 DNK Nova FM, Ølgod/Baunshøj (sdk-sjy) PS:NOVA_fm_ 1211 10 h

Audio of several stations can be heard by clicking the station name – as requested!

Tune in June

As a compilation of this June, I wouldn’t say this was the best June ever, but maybe the second best. I still remember June 2010 with fantastic whole day conditions in the beginning of month followed by several big days. But to be honest, May and July of 2010 were offering nothing to remember. From this point of view season 2013 could be nominated maybe one of the best summers ever,  IF the conditions will continue similar in July. We got awaited classical openings to Germany and Italy, but also some openings to interesting new “black” areas that were totally new for me. From the beginning of August till the mid September I’ll be outside Finland, so the autumn doesn’t make the difference.

Highlights in June 2013 – Top4

1) Double hops to Eastern Mediterranean 17/6/2013

2) Short skip to Denmark 30/6/2013 (last time heard by me in 14/6/2006)

3) Lot of private stations from France (normally TDF – nothing more). This could have something to do with cutted trees: http://www.fmdx.tk/muodonmuutos/

4) Nice stabile signals on lower band from Brasov – new city for me! (19/6/2013)

For our Finnish speaking readers (and those who like to use Google Translate) I would consider the great compilation made by JVA from Oulu, halfway to Lapland:

http://jvadx.blogspot.fi/2013/06/fm-kelit-kesakuu-2013.html.

For everyone, please look at June visually:

June2013

 

 

JJH30062013

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17.6.2013 – double hops!

In the early evening MUF maps looked good, and soon there were first fading signals from the penisola of Krim (Ukrainian coast). Probably the best skip went however to the Black Sea. Also Bulgarian and Romanian coast stations were noticed. After first hour I got Turkish on earphones – also Quran recitation, which in my mind was probably TRT. Suddenly Kiss FM Cyprus IDed on 89.0! They have 3 transmitters on this frequency, 3088-3119km, so the 3000 km is reached without any doubt. In that moment I finally realized that these weak Turkish signals could be Arabic aswell! Odesa (the first skip) came strongly, but luckily they don´t use many frequencies under 100 MHz, so there was enough space for second hop from Cyprus, Lebanon, Israel and maybe also Syria, or Egypt, who knows. Please note, that there are many doubts in the log and all the italic stations are only suspected. Your help with unidentified and tentative stations would be highly appreciated, audio can be heard by clicking the station name! After these golden 30 minutes the first clouds moved suddenly towards west, the band was full of Romanian and the double hop was no more possible. Many stations from Cyprus were heard in Southern and Central Finland and also few from other Eastern mediterranean countries.

UTC/FQ/CTR/STN/TX/KM/PWR/POLARIZATION

1611 89.30 UKR Radio DJ FM, Simferopol/hotel Zirkovyj, vul. Mate Zalky, 17b (KR) 2028 0.2
1620 89.50 UKR Radio Sharmanka, Sevastopol/vul. Rudnyova, 41 (KR) 2057 1.5
1624 91.70 UKR Super Radio, Sevastopol/vul. Rudnyova, 41 (KR) 2057 0.5
1631 89.00 ROU Radio ZU, Bucureşti (BU) 2009 3 v
1633 99.00 UKR Europa Plus – Ukraina, Kherson/KHFKRRT, vul. Perekopska, 5 (KE) 1820 1.5 v
1639 90.80 UKR? Radio Shanson. UNID-tx.
1656 91.50 UKR Lyuks FM, Simferopol/vul. Krylova, 161 (KR) 2033 1.5
1700 90.30 BUL BNR Radio Shumen, Silistra/RRS Medžit tabija (sil) 2049 30 h
1704 92.30 SYR Sham FM, Damascus/Jabal Qasyun “…Dimask” or Al Nour (LBN)? 3309 25 v. 
1705 89.10 LBN Al Quran Al Karim, Tripoli (asl) TENTATIVE, GUESS, ONLY KORAN! 3206 v
1714 89.00 UKR Radio Melodiya, Odesa, vul. Lyustdorfska doroga, 55 (OD) 1818 1.5 v
1716 89.00 CYP Kiss FM, Nicosia (kyp-nic) 3088 v and other jingle (mp3). 3 tx’s, this is closest.
1719 89.60 TUR Genc Radyo (Zonguldak), Zonguldak/Merkez (kdz-zon) 2378 1.5
1720 94.80 CYP CyBC-RIK Trito Prog., Mount Olympos  tentative, talk “..Kyprou..” 3107 30 c
1723 91.00 UKR Gala Radio, Odesa/OORTPTS, vul. Fontanska doroga, 3 (OD) 1815 3.02 h
1726 96.80 CYP Radio Sfera Kyprou, Kalo Khorio (kyp-lar) No ID, nonstop greek music 3114
1726 98.80 LBN NRJ Lebanon, Fatqa (jlb) tentative, talk of Bryan Adams 3245
1727 94.40 ROU Radio 21, Brăila (BR) 1917 0.5 v. No ID, px “Request 629” and RDS RADIO_21.
1728 95.70 ROU Pro FM, Bârlad (VS) 1814 10 h. RDS: PRO_FM
1729 94.50 ISR IBA 2 Reshet Bet, Haifa/Karmel (haf) tentative, wx for Eilat, Kol Rega? 3377 5 v
1740 90.30 ROU Radio ZU, Comăneşti/Laposi (BC) TUNE ONLY 1794 30 h
1747 102.00 BUL BNR Horizont, Shumen/RRTS Venets (shm) 2115 100 h RDS: _VENETS_
1750 97.10 ROU Radio 21, Suceava/Mihoveni (SV) 1650 30 h. RDS RADIO_21.
1752 96.30 ROU SRR Radio Iaşi, Iaşi/Pietrărie (IS) PS:IS_96,3_ 1719 100 h
1752 90.80 ROU SRR Radio Iasi. Same program on 96.3.
1753 96.00 ROU Radio România Actualităţi, Câmpulung Moldovenesc/Rarău (SV) 1673 30 h RDS
1755 91.20 ROU Magic FM, Piteşti (AG) 1961 0.146 v. Or 2 other tx’s. Also RDS MAGIC_
1755 98.40 ROU: Radio Romania Cultural, suspected of it’s style. Only one ROU on this FQ.
1759 88.40 ROU Radio Impuls, Sibiu/Dealul Guşteriţei (SB) end of jingle “…puls” 1858 0.2 v
1836 90.30 HNG Árvízvédelmi Rádió, Szeged/Újszeged (Cso) RDS: ARVIZ_FM 1840

And same visually:

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